Topic Summaries

Lionel Messi
Lionel Messi summary
Lionel Messi, (born June 24, 1987, Rosario, Arg.), Argentine-born football (soccer) player.
Iran hostage crisis
Iran hostage crisis summary
Iran hostage crisis, (1979–81) Political crisis involving Iran’s seizure of U.S.
first ladies at the George W. Bush Presidential Center
first lady summary
first lady, Wife of the president of the U.S.
Jennie Augusta Brownscombe: Thanksgiving at Plymouth
Thanksgiving Day summary
Thanksgiving Day, U.S.
Gustave Doré: illustration of the Wandering Jew
anti-Semitism summary
anti-Semitism, Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious group or “race.” Although the term anti-Semitism...
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro summary
Rio de Janeiro, City (pop., 2021 est.: city, 6,775,560; Greater Rio, 12,763,305) and port, capital of Rio de Janeiro state,...
São Paulo
São Paulo summary
São Paulo, City (pop., 2021 est.: city, 12,284,940; Greater São Paulo, 22,048,504), capital of São Paulo estado (state),...
Havana summary
Havana, Spanish La Habana , City, capital, and province (pop., 2020 est.: 2,132,183) of Cuba.
Jerry Lee Lewis
Jerry Lee Lewis summary
Jerry Lee Lewis, (born Sept. 29, 1935, Ferriday, La., U.S.—died Oct. 28, 2022, DeSoto county, Miss.), U.S.
Maya Lin
Maya Lin summary
Maya Lin, (born Oct. 5, 1959, Athens, Ohio, U.S.), U.S.
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva summary
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, known as Lula , (born Oct. 27, 1945, Garanhuns, Pernambuco state, Braz.), Brazilian politician...
Riddar Island, Stockholm
Stockholm summary
Stockholm, City (pop., 2020 est.: city, 975,551; urban agglom.: 1,767,108), capital of Sweden.
Copenhagen summary
Copenhagen, Danish København , Capital and largest city (pop., 2022: city, 644,431; metro.
Arhus: open-air museum
Århus summary
Århus, or Aarhus , Seaport (pop., 2022: 285,273), eastern Jutland, Denmark.
central Budapest
Budapest summary
Budapest, City (pop., 2019 est.: 1,752,286), capital of Hungary.
tropical cyclone
tropical cyclone summary
tropical cyclone, or typhoon or hurricane , Severe atmospheric disturbance that originates over tropical oceans.
Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina summary
Hurricane Katrina, Tropical cyclone that struck the U.S.
Mexican-American War: U.S. declaration of war
Key Facts of the Mexican-American War
This list presents some of the key facts of the Mexican-American War, from its origins following the United States’ annexation...
Mexican-American War: U.S. declaration of war
Mexican-American War Timeline
This timeline describes significant events during the Mexican-American War, which was fought between Mexico and the United...
Mexican-American War: U.S. declaration of war
Causes and Effects of the Mexican-American War
This is a list of the major causes and effects of the Mexican-American War, which grew from a border dispute after the United...
Tokyo summary
Tokyo, Japanese Tōkyō formerly (until 1868) Edo , City (pop., 2010: city, 9,733,276; metro.
Yasaka Shrine, Kyōto, Japan
Kyōto summary
Kyōto, City (pop., 2020: 1,463,723), west-central Honshu, Japan.
Yokohama summary
Yokohama, Seaport city (pop., 2020: 3,777,491), east-central Honshu, Japan.
Almaty summary
Almaty, formerly Alma-Ata , City (pop., 2008 est.: 1,324,739), southeastern Kazakhstan.
Saul Kripke
Saul Kripke summary
Saul Kripke, (born Nov. 13, 1940, Bay Shore, Long Island, N.Y., U.S.—died Sept. 15, 2022, Plainsboro, N.J.), U.S.
Serena Williams
Serena Williams summary
Serena Williams, (born Sept. 26, 1981, Saginaw, Mich., U.S.), U.S.
Roger Federer
Roger Federer summary
Roger Federer, (born Aug. 8, 1981, Basel, Switz.), Swiss tennis player.
Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard summary
Jean-Luc Godard, (born Dec. 3, 1930, Paris, France—died Sept. 13, 2022, Rolle, Switz.), French Swiss film director.
Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II summary
Elizabeth II, in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary , (born April 21, 1926, London, Eng.—died Sept. 8, 2022, Balmoral Castle,...
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner summary
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, orig.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev summary
Mikhail Gorbachev, (born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol region, Russia, U.S.S.R.—died August 30, 2022, Moscow, Russia),...
portrait of Frances Burney
Frances Burney summary
Frances Burney, byname Fanny Burney , (born June 13, 1752, King’s Lynn, Norfolk, Eng.—died Jan. 6, 1840, London), English...
Salman Rushdie
Sir Salman Rushdie summary
Sir Salman Rushdie, (born June 19, 1947, Bombay, India), Indian-born novelist.
insecticide application
insecticide summary
insecticide, Any of a large group of substances used to kill insects.
Barbados summary
Barbados, Island country, West Indies.